May 13, 2024

What is concussion?

Concussion is an injury to the brain caused by an impact to the head or body with force transmitting to the head. It is unfortunate to write, but concussion is a severe and common injury that occurs in many sports. It is important to note that loss of consciousness is seen in less than 10% of cases of concussion. That is, the player does not have to lose consciousness to have a concussion. The more severe injuries include structural damage, such as fractures to the skull and bleeding on the break. Fortunately, severe head injuries such as these are uncommon. However, all concussions do require urgent medical attention and input.

So how do you know if someone has had a concussion?

The best resource to use is the head check app which can be downloaded on all devices and used on game day to establish concussion. (please see the link below)

Concussion is often characterized by:

  • Observable signs such as a loss of consciousness
  • Head strike or whiplash movement
  • A spasm type movement in the arms or legs on landing
  • A person lying motionless on the ground
  • A blank or vacant look
  • Balance or motor difficulties
  • Memory difficulties
  • Reduced ability to think

Symptoms reported by the player:

  • Headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Balance problems
  • Memory issues
  • Fatigue
  • Dazed
  • A person feeling ‘’not quite right’’
  • Irritability


How do we manage concussion?

Although there’s been considerable media around concussion guidelines and protocols changing in recent years (at the local and elite levels of sport) there has been ongoing confusion about practically what to do in the situation where a concussion is suspected. So, what are the latest guidelines regarding concussion management in local sport for 2024?

In early 2024 the Australian Sports Commission and Australian Institute of Sport, in conjunction with the AFL, launched a large update to the current protocols, and it is HIGHLY encouraged these protocols are used for every level of sport across the country. From now on, at all local levels (senior and junior) as well as VFL, VFLW and Coates league there will be a mandatory 21-day return to play period for any player that has had or is suspected of having a concussion.  Note that the day of injury is also called day 0.


Officially the wording around this is:

‘’Under the new community football guidelines, the earliest that a player suffering a concussion can return to play is on the 21st day post the concussion incident provided they get medical clearance.’’

These guidelines have been updated in accordance with the latest AIS Guidelines for concussion and brain health. They are about protecting the short- and long-term health and safety of players.

It is vital that if you, or a player under your care, has suffered a concussion that they are removed from the ground immediately and medical attention is sort after. A player must be assessed and cleared by a medial practitioner with skills in concussion management. Our OHL team highly recommend the team at The Australian Sports Doctors (ASD) in Heidelberg. A sports doctor (or another local sports physician) can do an assessment, establish the severity of the concussion, and guide you in the process of returning to work, school, and sport once safe. The sports doctor will also help you time your commencement of physiotherapy rehabilitation after a concussion, which is an area of physiotherapy growing due to incredible research on the need for targeted physical rehabilitation after a concussion!

So, if you or someone you know has had a concussion, please get in contact with us, come and see a physio or book in at ASD to get the best and safest plan.



  • Use the Head check app to clear concussion on game day
  • Get to a Sports Doctor to get assessed if you have had a concussion
  • You do not need to lose consciousness to have a concussion
  • The day of injury is considered to be day 0 of the 21 day period
  • A player must not return to the ground if they are deemed concussed
  • Signs and symptoms can vary from person to person and no one concussion is alike
  • Physiotherapists are part of your return to sport team after a concussion



More Optimal Tips

Nutrition and hydration for peak sports performance
Nutrition and hydration for peak sports performance

May 13, 2024

Good food and fluid intake can be your biggest asset when it comes to performing at your best. Nutrition is vital to ensure you get the most out of your body – this means fuelling properly so you have the energy to last the game, recovering properly so your body can heal, and maintaining hydration for concentration, muscle coordination, and body temperature regulation.

Ready for some quick tips from an Accredited Practising Dietitian? Emily Drew is here to share some evidence-based tips for budding athletes!

Continue Reading

From RICER to PEACE + LOVE: The Evolution of Injury Management
From RICER to PEACE + LOVE: The Evolution of Injury Management

May 13, 2024

Did you hear there has been a shift from the acronym from RICER to PEACE + LOVE in recent years. Learn more about this elevated acute treatment protocol in this 2minute read.

Continue Reading

What do I do when I get Hurt?
What do I do when I get Hurt?

May 13, 2024

Knowing what to do when you get an injury is tricky when you haven’t sustained injuries before, so the OHL Physiotherapy team have created a list of advice/steps to help you plan best.

Continue Reading